There are many possible causes of paralysis, so the tests that may be done to diagnose paralysis can vary depending on the underlying condition suspected. Some possible tests that may be done include:
- Neurological examination: This involves a physical examination and testing of reflexes, strength, sensation, and coordination. The doctor may also ask about symptoms and medical history.
- Imaging tests: These may include X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound, which can help identify issues with the spinal cord, nerves, or brain.
- Electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity in muscles and can help identify nerve damage or muscle dysfunction.
- Nerve conduction studies (NCS): This test measures how well electrical impulses travel through the nerves and can help identify nerve damage.
- Blood tests: These may be done to check for infections, autoimmune disorders, or other underlying medical conditions that may be causing paralysis.
The specific tests ordered will depend on the individual case and the suspected cause of the paralysis. It’s important to consult with a medical professional if you are experiencing any symptoms of paralysis.