There are several types of depression, but the most commonly recognized ones are:
- Major Depression: This is the most common type of depression and is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness, loss of interest in activities, and a range of physical and cognitive symptoms.
- Persistent Depressive Disorder: This type of depression is also known as dysthymia and involves a chronic but less severe form of depression that lasts for at least two years.
- Bipolar Disorder: This is a type of depression characterized by episodes of extreme highs and lows, also known as mania and depression.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): This is a type of depression that is triggered by the changing of the seasons and is most common during the winter months.
- Psychotic Depression: This is a type of depression that is accompanied by psychotic symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations.
- Postpartum Depression: This is a type of depression that affects new mothers and can occur within the first few weeks after childbirth.