Herpes is caused by two types of viruses, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). The viruses are highly contagious and can cause painful and recurring outbreaks of sores or blisters on the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, or genitals.
The reason why herpes is not curable is that the virus can stay dormant in the nerve cells of the body, and when triggered, it can cause a new outbreak of symptoms. While antiviral medications can help manage and reduce the severity of symptoms during an outbreak, they cannot completely eliminate the virus from the body.
Another factor that makes herpes challenging to cure is the ability of the virus to evade the immune system. The virus can go into hiding within the body’s cells, making it difficult for the immune system to detect and eliminate it.
There is ongoing research into developing a cure for herpes, but currently, there is no known cure. However, antiviral medications and lifestyle modifications can help manage and reduce the frequency and severity of outbreaks, and prevent transmission of the virus to others.