Paralysis is a condition that results in loss of muscle function and sensation in part or all of the body. The type of healthcare provider who treats paralysis depends on the cause of the paralysis.
If the paralysis is due to a medical condition such as a stroke, spinal cord injury, or multiple sclerosis, a neurologist or a physiatrist (also known as a rehabilitation medicine specialist) may be involved in the care of the patient. These specialists are trained in diagnosing and managing conditions that affect the nervous system, which can cause paralysis.
If the paralysis is due to an injury, an orthopedic surgeon or a trauma surgeon may be involved in the care of the patient. These specialists are trained in diagnosing and treating injuries to the musculoskeletal system, which can cause paralysis.
In addition to medical and surgical interventions, a team of healthcare professionals may be involved in the care of a patient with paralysis, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, and psychologists. The goal of the team is to help the patient regain as much function as possible and to improve their quality of life.