The main symptoms of depression, as defined by the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition), are:
- Persistent sadness or low mood: Feeling sad, empty, or hopeless for most of the day, nearly every day. This sadness is often not related to any particular event and may be present even when things are going well.
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities: A decreased interest or pleasure in most activities, including those that were previously enjoyed. This can include hobbies, social activities, work, or sex.
- Fatigue or loss of energy: Feeling tired or fatigued, even after getting enough sleep. This can make it difficult to perform daily tasks or participate in activities.
It’s important to note that depression can present differently in different people, and not everyone will experience all of these symptoms. Additionally, symptoms may vary in severity and duration. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of depression, it’s important to seek professional help.