Depression is a complex mental health condition, and its causes are not fully understood. However, research has identified several factors that may contribute to the development of depression. Here are four of the most commonly recognized causes:
- Biological factors: Genetics, changes in neurotransmitter levels, hormonal imbalances, and other biological factors can contribute to the development of depression.
- Environmental factors: Adverse life events such as childhood trauma, the death of a loved one, financial stress, and relationship difficulties can trigger depression in some people.
- Psychological factors: Low self-esteem, negative thought patterns, and unhealthy coping mechanisms can all contribute to depression.
- Social factors: Social isolation, lack of social support, and discrimination can increase the risk of depression, particularly in vulnerable populations such as those with chronic illness or disabilities.