Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects about 1% of the global population. It typically develops in early adulthood, but it can also occur in adolescence or later in life.
Schizophrenia is a complex disorder that can present with a wide range of symptoms, including hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and behavior, social withdrawal, and impaired cognitive functioning. There are also subtypes of schizophrenia, including paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, and residual.
While the exact cause of schizophrenia is not fully understood, research suggests that a combination of genetic, environmental, and brain chemistry factors may contribute to its development. Treatments for schizophrenia often include antipsychotic medications, therapy, and support from family and loved ones. With appropriate treatment and support, many people with schizophrenia are able to live fulfilling lives.