Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the rectum or anus. They can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Straining during bowel movements: When you strain to pass stools, the pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus increases, which can cause them to become swollen and painful.
- Pregnancy: During pregnancy, the growing uterus puts pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, which can lead to hemorrhoids.
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese can increase the pressure on the veins in the rectum and anus, leading to hemorrhoids.
- Sitting for long periods: Sitting for long periods of time can increase pressure on the rectal veins, leading to hemorrhoids.
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea: Straining during bowel movements due to chronic constipation or diarrhea can put pressure on the rectal veins and cause hemorrhoids.
- Aging: As you age, the tissues in your body become weaker and less elastic, which can increase the risk of hemorrhoids.
- Genetics: Some people may be more prone to developing hemorrhoids due to genetic factors.
It’s important to note that while piles can be uncomfortable and painful, they are usually not serious and can be treated with lifestyle changes, over-the-counter medications, or in more severe cases, medical procedures.