Paralysis can affect any part of the body that is controlled by the nervous system. This includes muscles, organs, and glands. The specific organs that may be affected by paralysis depend on the location and severity of the paralysis.
For example, if paralysis occurs in the spinal cord, it may affect the bladder and bowel function, sexual function, and movement and sensation in the limbs below the level of injury. If paralysis occurs in the brain, it may affect a wide range of functions, including movement, sensation, speech, vision, and hearing.
In general, any organ that receives nerve signals from a paralyzed area of the body may be affected by the paralysis. Some common organs that may be affected by paralysis include:
- Muscles: Paralysis of the muscles can result in weakness or complete loss of muscle function, making it difficult or impossible to move the affected body part.
- Bladder and bowel: Paralysis of the nerves that control the bladder and bowel can lead to incontinence, constipation, or other urinary or bowel problems.
- Heart and lungs: Paralysis of the nerves that control the heart and lungs can lead to difficulty breathing, decreased heart rate, or other cardiovascular problems.
- Eyes: Paralysis of the nerves that control the eyes can lead to problems with eye movement, vision, and coordination.
- Glands: Paralysis of the nerves that control the glands can lead to problems with sweating, salivation, and other glandular functions.