Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of neurological disorders that affect a person’s movement, balance, and posture. The main cause of cerebral palsy is damage to the developing brain, which can occur before, during, or shortly after birth.
The brain damage that leads to cerebral palsy can result from a variety of factors, including:
- Hypoxia: A lack of oxygen to the brain before, during, or after birth can cause brain damage and lead to cerebral palsy.
- Infections: Certain infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can cause inflammation and damage to the brain.
- Genetic mutations: In rare cases, cerebral palsy can be caused by genetic mutations or abnormalities.
- Premature birth: Babies born prematurely are at an increased risk of developing cerebral palsy, as their brains may not have had enough time to fully develop.
- Brain injury: Trauma to the head, such as a severe blow or a car accident, can cause brain damage and lead to cerebral palsy.
It is important to note that in many cases, the exact cause of cerebral palsy is unknown. However, identifying risk factors and taking steps to prevent them can help reduce the likelihood of developing the condition.