A sore throat is a common condition characterized by pain, irritation, or scratchiness in the throat, typically caused by a viral infection, such as the common cold, flu, or mononucleosis. Other causes of sore throat may include allergies, dry air, pollutants, or muscle strain from yelling or singing.
Strep throat, on the other hand, is a bacterial infection caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria. It is a highly contagious infection that spreads through airborne droplets from coughing and sneezing. In addition to a sore throat, strep throat may also cause other symptoms such as fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes, and difficulty swallowing.
While both sore throat and strep throat can cause discomfort and irritation in the throat, the key difference between them is the underlying cause. Sore throat is usually caused by a viral infection and can be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers, rest, and hydration. Strep throat, however, requires prompt medical attention and is typically treated with antibiotics to prevent complications such as rheumatic fever or kidney damage. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have strep throat, it is important to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.