What are the 4 types of fungal infections of the skin?


The four types of fungal infections of the skin are:

  1. Dermatophytosis (also known as ringworm): This is a common fungal infection of the skin that can affect various areas of the body, such as the scalp, feet (athlete’s foot), groin (jock itch), and body. It is characterized by red, circular, itchy patches with raised edges.
  2. Candidiasis (also known as yeast infection): This type of fungal infection is caused by the Candida species of yeast, most commonly Candida albicans. It can affect areas of the body with skin folds, such as the armpits, groin, and under the breasts, and may cause redness, itching, and a rash.
  3. Tinea versicolor: This is a fungal infection caused by Malassezia species of yeast, which is normally present on the skin. However, under certain conditions, it can overgrow and cause a rash characterized by scaly patches that may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. Tinea versicolor is commonly found on the chest, back, and upper arms.
  4. Intertrigo: This is a fungal infection that occurs in areas where skin rubs against skin, such as the armpits, groin, and under the breasts. It is characterized by redness, inflammation, and sometimes oozing or crusting. Intertrigo is typically caused by a combination of fungi and bacteria, and can be worsened by moisture and heat.

It’s important to note that accurate diagnosis of fungal skin infections requires evaluation by a healthcare professional, as some symptoms may overlap and other conditions may mimic fungal infections. Proper diagnosis and treatment by a healthcare provider is essential for effective management of these infections.

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