Diverticulitis is a condition that occurs when small pockets or diverticula in the large intestine become inflamed or infected. Treatment options for diverticulitis depend on the severity of the condition. Here are three common treatment options:
- Antibiotics: For mild to moderate cases of diverticulitis, antibiotics may be prescribed to treat the infection and reduce inflammation. Common antibiotics used to treat diverticulitis include ciprofloxacin and metronidazole or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). However, antibiotics may not be necessary for every case of diverticulitis, and your doctor will determine whether they are necessary.
- Liquid diet: A liquid diet may be recommended during the acute phase of diverticulitis. This allows the colon to rest and heal, and reduces the risk of further inflammation or infection. Once symptoms improve, a low-fiber diet may be gradually introduced and increased over time.
- Surgery: In severe cases of diverticulitis or if complications such as abscess, fistula, or bowel obstruction occur, surgery may be necessary. Surgery may involve removing the affected portion of the colon, rejoining the remaining sections of the colon, or creating a colostomy. Surgery is generally reserved for more severe cases or cases that do not respond to other treatment options.
It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan for diverticulitis.