Fibromyalgia is a complex chronic pain disorder that is believed to have both neurological and psychological components. It is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tenderness in localized areas of the body known as trigger points.
Research suggests that fibromyalgia may be caused by abnormal processing of pain signals in the central nervous system, leading to increased sensitivity to pain. This is thought to be due to changes in the way the brain and spinal cord process pain signals, as well as changes in the levels of certain neurotransmitters that are involved in pain regulation.
However, psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression can also play a role in fibromyalgia. These factors can contribute to the onset and exacerbation of fibromyalgia symptoms, and may also affect how a person perceives and copes with pain.
Therefore, fibromyalgia is considered to be a multifactorial condition with both neurological and psychological components. A comprehensive treatment approach that addresses both physical and psychological factors is often recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia.