Schizophrenia itself does not directly affect life expectancy, but people with schizophrenia may have a higher risk of premature death due to factors such as suicide, substance abuse, and poor physical health.
According to research, people with schizophrenia have a higher mortality rate than the general population, with a life expectancy that is estimated to be reduced by 10 to 25 years. This is largely due to an increased risk of suicide, accidents, and diseases such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, and metabolic disorders.
However, with proper treatment, including medication, therapy, and support services, people with schizophrenia can manage their symptoms and live productive lives. Regular medical care can also help to address physical health issues and reduce the risk of premature death. It is important for individuals with schizophrenia to work closely with their healthcare providers to develop a comprehensive treatment plan and to seek support from family, friends, and community resources.