Human papillomavirus (HPV) in males can be detected through a physical examination or through laboratory testing.
During a physical exam, a healthcare provider may inspect the genital area for any visible signs of genital warts or other abnormalities. However, HPV often doesn’t cause any visible symptoms in males.
Laboratory testing is the most reliable way to detect HPV in males. HPV testing in males is usually done using a DNA test that checks for the presence of the virus in a sample of cells from the genital area, anus, or throat.
The sample can be collected in a few different ways:
- Penile swab: a healthcare provider can collect cells from the penis using a swab.
- Anal swab: a healthcare provider can collect cells from the anus using a swab.
- Urine test: a urine sample may be used to test for the presence of HPV in the genital or anal area.
It’s important to note that routine testing for HPV in males is not recommended. However, HPV testing may be recommended for males who have symptoms of an HPV infection, have a history of HPV-related disease, or have a sexual partner with an HPV-related condition.