Endometriosis is a medical condition in which the tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus (endometrium) grows outside of it, causing pain and discomfort. The appearance of endometriosis can vary depending on the severity and location of the tissue growth.
During laparoscopic surgery, which is often used to diagnose endometriosis, the tissue growth can appear as small, red or blue-black lesions on the surface of the organs in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder, or intestines. These lesions can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters and may look like small nodules or bumps.
In some cases, endometriosis can cause the formation of cysts called endometriomas, also known as chocolate cysts, on the ovaries. These cysts can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters and are filled with dark, reddish-brown fluid.
In advanced cases, endometriosis can cause scar tissue, called adhesions, to form between organs in the pelvic region. These adhesions can cause organs to stick together and lead to more severe symptoms, including chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
It’s important to note that the appearance of endometriosis can vary and that not all cases of endometriosis may be visible during laparoscopic surgery. A diagnosis of endometriosis can only be made through a combination of symptoms, physical examination, and medical tests.