Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), commonly known as lupus, is a chronic autoimmune disease that can affect different parts of the body, including the skin, joints, kidneys, and other organs.
The exact prevalence of lupus in India is not well established due to the lack of large-scale epidemiological studies in the country. However, some studies suggest that the prevalence of SLE in India is relatively low compared to other parts of the world.
According to a study published in the Indian Journal of Rheumatology, the estimated prevalence of SLE in India ranges from 3.8 to 45.3 cases per 100,000 population. Another study conducted in a tertiary care center in North India reported a prevalence of 22.8 cases per 100,000 population.
Overall, while lupus is not uncommon in India, it appears to be less prevalent than in other regions such as North America, Europe, and East Asia. However, due to the lack of comprehensive data, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions about the exact prevalence of lupus in India.