Lyme disease is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks, particularly black-legged ticks (also known as deer ticks) in North America and Europe. In rare cases, Lyme disease can also be transmitted through other means such as:
- Contact with infected animal blood: People can contract Lyme disease through contact with the blood of infected animals such as deer, rodents, and birds. This can occur during hunting or handling of infected animals.
- Transplacental transmission: Pregnant women with Lyme disease can transmit the bacteria to their fetus during pregnancy.
- Blood transfusions: Though rare, Lyme disease can be transmitted through blood transfusions from infected donors.
It’s important to note that Lyme disease is primarily transmitted through tick bites, and the above modes of transmission are less common. If you suspect that you have been exposed to Lyme disease or have symptoms of the disease, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.