While it is possible to detect the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in urine samples, current guidelines for screening and diagnosis of HPV do not recommend using urine as a primary sample type for HPV testing.
The preferred sample type for HPV testing depends on the specific test and the purpose of the testing. For example, cervical samples (collected by a healthcare provider during a Pap smear or HPV test) are the primary sample type for cervical cancer screening, while anal or oral samples may be used to detect HPV in those areas.
That being said, research studies have explored the potential use of urine samples for HPV detection, particularly in populations where other sample types may be difficult to obtain (such as men or individuals with disabilities). Some studies have shown promising results in detecting HPV in urine samples, but more research is needed to determine the accuracy and feasibility of this method for routine HPV screening and diagnosis.