The choice of antibiotic for diverticulitis depends on various factors such as the severity of the condition, the patient’s medical history, and local antibiotic resistance patterns. The most commonly prescribed antibiotics for diverticulitis are:
- Ciprofloxacin and metronidazole: This is a common combination therapy used to treat mild to moderate diverticulitis. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that works by inhibiting bacterial DNA synthesis, while metronidazole is an antibiotic that targets anaerobic bacteria.
- Amoxicillin-clavulanate: This is another common antibiotic used to treat mild to moderate diverticulitis. Amoxicillin-clavulanate is a penicillin-based antibiotic that works by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis.
- Ceftriaxone and metronidazole: This is a combination therapy used to treat severe diverticulitis. Ceftriaxone is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic that works by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis.
It is important to note that the choice of antibiotic and duration of treatment should be made by a healthcare professional, as overuse of antibiotics can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.